Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination by husband or donor
sperm is a procedure by which specially prepared
sperm is placed directly in the uterus ( womb )
near ovulation time. This process usually
involves ovulation induction which the process
of follicle development is monitored by blood
hormone and ultrasound scanning. When ovulation
has occurred , the male partner is asked to
produce a semen sample by masturbation. This
specimen is prepared in our sperm laboratory to
select only active motile sperm. The prepared
sperm is placed right into the uterine cavity by
mean of a fine catheter.
The development of the ovarian follicles is
monitored with ultrasound and the insemination
is timed to take place 36-40 hours after
administration of the hormone injection hCG,
which triggers ovulation. When ovulation has
occurred, the male partner is asked to produce a
semen sample. This sample is prepared in the
laboratory, and is then placed in the uterine
cavity by means of a fine catheter.
Artificial insemination with the use of donor
sperm may be indicated when the husband is
azoospermic ( no sperm in ejaculated semen ).
Donor semen is obtained from our sperm banking.
All donors are very carefully screened taking
into account their familial and medical history.
Syphilis , Hepatitis and HIV testing are carried
out in every donor specimen.
IUI should be performed in cases where the woman
has healthy fallopian tubes and the sperm
preparation is satisfactory. IUI with husband or
donor sperm is used to treat patients with at
least one healthy fallopian tube. Because the
cost per pregnancy is significantly less with
IUI than with assisted reproductive technologies
, many experts recommend patient trying at least
3 IUI cycles before moving to the more advances
and expensive ART.